All About Rum
Originally form the Carribean & associated with the slave trade, rum is now manufactured all over the world.
History Manufacture Colour Reading the Label
The History of Rum
Drinks from fermented cane sugar juice have been produced since ancient times and probably originated in India or China. In the 14th Centuary Marco Polo recorded being offered "very good wine of sugar".
Rum as we know it today was first distilled in the 17th century on the sugarcane plantations of the Caribbean and, tradition has it on the island of Barbados. It was first called Rumbullion or Kill-divil.
By the mid-17th century, British Colonists had exported the process to the Americas where the first rum distillery was established in present-day Staten Island, Boston in 1664. By the late 18th century, annula consumption of rum was estimated at a staggering 14 litres per person.
The rapidly growing demand for sugar in Europe & Molasses for Rum in meant an increase in labour was required to tend the sugar plantations. This led to a flourishing triangular slave trade, with manufactured goods, raw materials and slaves shipped between Africa the Caribbean & the colonies.
Rum become an inextricable part of social, political and economic America, with political candidates winning elections based on their easy pouring generosity .
The introduction of The Sugar Act in 1764 at a time of econmoic depression meant that the profit to be made from Rum was too small to cover the new tax on raw materials and & the aggresive enforcement of the act made smuggling of molasses too dangerous. This, combined with the rise of whiskey production heralded the end of the Golden age of Rum in America.
In 1655 when the British fleet captured the island of Jamaica and the abundance of domestically produced rum, caused the British Navy to change the daily ration of liquor given to seamen from French brandy to rum. Originally given neat,
Today the rum ration (tot) is only issued on special occasions by an order to "splice the mainbrace", which may only be given by the Queen, a member of the Royal Family or the Admiralty Board. The Royal New Zealand Navy was the last naval force to give sailors a free daily tot of rum.
English privateers, Men or ships with written orders granting them to attack other ships during war time began trading in Rum. When the written orders ran out or the lust for capturing other ships took over, some of these men became pirates. Rum was their drink of choice.
A lack of coinage in New South Wales ensured that Rum became an important trade good. It rapidly became a “comfort” drink amongst settlers & the colony gained a reputation for drunkenness. In 1806, governer William Bligh outlawed the use of Rum as currency in an attempt to remedy the problem, he was placed under arrest by mutineers who continued to control the colony until the arrival of Governor Lachlan Macquarie in 1810